Controversial energygenerating system lacking credibility w video

first_img Citation: Controversial energy-generating system lacking credibility (w/ video) (2011, August 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-08-controversial-energy-generating-lacking-credibility-video.html (PhysOrg.com) — It’s been seven months since Italian physicists Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi publicly demonstrated a device that they claimed could generate large amounts of excess heat through some kind of low-energy nuclear reaction (LENR). (Previous descriptions of the process as “cold fusion” are incorrect; although the process is not completely understood, it is likely a weak interaction involving neutrons, without fusion.) The physicists call this device the Energy Catalyzer, or E-Cat. Due to the major potential impact such a device could have for energy production, the scientists have received visits and inquiries from all over the world, but so far the claims seem to be lacking credibility. Italian scientists claim to have demonstrated cold fusion (w/ Video) © 2011 PhysOrg.com Rossi shows Krivit the steam from the hose at 10:54. Video credit: New Energy Times Unscientific method One of the visitors to Rossi’s lab was Steven Krivit, editor of the online magazine New Energy Times. Krivit has been following LENR news for more than 10 years, and recently published a 200-page issue devoted exclusively to examining the Rossi claim. Based on his investigation, Krivit has concluded that the Rossi group’s energy claim of extraordinarily large amounts of excess heat has no scientific support, and that he “can’t help but wonder whether Rossi is pulling a scam.” Some highlights of his comprehensive report, which is freely available here, are highlighted below.Steam or waterRossi based his assertions of excess heat on the nearly complete vaporization of room-temperature water (26.5 °C [79.7 °F]) into dry steam (100.1 °C [212.2 °F]). Rossi assumed that all of the water that enters the device leaves the device as dry steam. If this were true, the device would produce lots of energy since a large amount of energy is required to vaporize water into dry steam. (In his 2010 paper, Rossi originally claimed to produce 213 times more energy going out of the device than the energy coming in. Since then he has lowered his estimates several times, and now claims a maximum energy gain of 6 times.) However, if the steam contains any liquid water droplets – even tiny ones – it would significantly reduce the amount of heat being produced. During his visit, Krivit found that Rossi did not check for complete vaporization. The hose through which the output steam flows was inserted into a sink drain, and there was no way to know if liquid water is going down the drain. According to Krivit, Rossi did not use any valid devices that were capable of measuring the steam quality.Further, three scientists calculated that, based on the diameter of the hose, the steam should have an exit velocity of 67, 76, or 137 mph. When Krivit visited Rossi, he took a video of the steam exiting the hose, which he said appears to be flowing at around 10 mph – the expected velocity due to the amount of electrical input energy. Explore further One of the biggest concerns with the device is if all the water entering the system has vaporized into pure dry steam. Image from video below. Credit: New Energy Times In addition to not correctly analyzing the output steam, Rossi’s group also neglected several other practices that would have given their work credibility. For example, they did not measure the heat output directly, but simply measured the temperature inside the device itself. Also, they did not run control experiments and ignored suggestions given to them by experts in the LENR field. They also have said that they’ve lost some data, and refused to show Krivit the data they had. When Krivit asked Giuseppe Levi, a physics professor at the University of Bologna who has been checking Rossi’s work, for data, he had a surprising response:“People will start to make any kind of funny analysis on it, and then I will have to answer this funny analysis…If you don’t want to trust these numbers, don’t trust them! It’s very simple.”When Krivit asked about the credibility of data that Levi had previously reported to the Swedish newspaper Ny Teknik, Levi said the following:”There is no credibility as scientific paper credibility. If you trust me, this is what I have seen with my best effort. Also, I was really conservative.”Moving forwardDespite these flaws, Rossi thinks there still seems to be a future for the system. He has claimed that he has devices operating in the US and Italy, but has not shown them to Krivit or others interested in his work. He claims that he has 300 devices working in his factory in Miami, Florida, but the registered principal place of business is a fifth floor apartment. Rossi has also claimed that he has been heating a factory in Bondeno, Italy, with one of his devices, but has not shown it to anyone.For the past several months, Rossi has been highly promoting the demonstration of a 1 MW device scheduled for this October at Defkalion Green Technologies in Greece. However, on August 7 he canceled that contract when Defkalion failed to make its first progress payment a week earlier.Although Rossi has repeatedly said that he is not asking anybody for money until the devices are operating successfully, according to Krivit, Rossi is asking for $15 million from anybody who wishes to independently test his device. The money would be held in an escrow account contingent on the successful validation.On July 14, Rossi met with NASA researchers at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The meeting organizer, Michael A. Nelson, is a systems engineer who has worked at NASA for 30 years in the main propulsion group for the space shuttle as well as with the launch monitoring systems. Nelson told Krivit that he was interested in the possibility of LENR research at NASA, and that NASA would be willing to perform validation tests for Rossi if Rossi pays for the tests. NASA is interested in LENR for potential space applications. “LENR is another avenue. It’s not just about Rossi,” Nelson told Krivit. “If the Rossi thing doesn’t happen, then maybe something else will. Rossi has brought a lot of attention to the field. Any researchers who have a legitimate claim are going to benefit from this.” More information: New Energy Times 37th issue and Rossi’s Scientific Failure in Seven Steps This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Hydrogen fuel cell for phone charging set for 2013

first_img(Phys.org)—A three-way collaboration between Japan-based Rohm, Aquafairy, and Kyoto University has resulted in the development of a smartphone-charging fuel cell—a compact, high output, portable hydrogen powered fuel cell that can generate electricity by producing hydrogen. This is achieved through a chemical reaction between calcium hydride sheets and water. The fuel cell can generate five watt hours of electricity, to charge an average smartphone within two hours. The fuel cell will be promoted for a variety of uses, from charging a smartphone to serving as a 200-watt portable generator delivering backup power. Citation: Hydrogen fuel cell for phone charging set for 2013 (2012, September 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-09-hydrogen-fuel-cell.html Rohm said the new hydrogen fuel cells use a solid that creates hydrogen by adding water, generating power through “hydro-synthesis.” No harmful byproducts such as carbon dioxide or VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) are involved. The fuel cells can be disposed of as general waste.If the sheets are laminated and sealed, they last for twenty years, claimed a spokesman. Lithium ion batteries lose their charging ability in four to five years. Aquafairy had been developing a small fuel cell some years ago when they then started to exchange information with Rohm. Also, Rohm and Aquafairy have launched a joint project for a compact, lightweight 400-watt fuel cell system with Kinkei System. Hydrogen fuel cell. Credit: Rohm More information: www.rohm.com/web/global/news-d … defaultGroupId=false Explore further Hydrogen Generating Sheet. Credit: Rohmcenter_img © 2012 Phys.org Putting the fuel in fuel cells In describing the special nature of fuel cells, Aquafairy has said that a fuel cell doesn’t store electricity, but generates it like a power-generating plant. It can continue to supply electric power as long as hydrogen and oxygen fuel are supplied.”Fuel cells can be made smaller, lighter, and more efficient than conventional storage and rechargeable cells, and thus are expected to drive expansion into new markets and applications, said a Rohm release.Rohm, Aquafairy, and Kyoto University will continue to work on their development. They plan to evaluate the reliability of the fuel cell, make improvements and commercialize it in 2013.The fuel cell will be shown at CEATEC in Japan early next month and at Electronica in Munich, Germany, in November. Credit: Diginfonews The fuel cell announced this month is promoted as advanced in its use of calcium hydride in place of magnesium hydride. Calcium hydride has high reactivity with water at a wide range of temperatures. Stable reactions are possible just by taking measures to suppress reactions. A resin is added to calcium hydride. ROHM and Aquafairy succeeded in solidifying calcium hydride in a sheet configuration, generating approximately 4.5 litres of hydrogen from a sheet less than 3cc in volume (measuring 38 x 38 x 2mm), providing a power output of 5Whr, said Rohm.All in all, collaborative efforts of Rohm, Aquafairy and Kyoto University have resulted in plans for (1) the cover type and card case type of fuel cell, which have a generation capacity of 5Wh for smartphones, (2) a portable power generator with an output power of 200Wh and (3) a 400Wh fuel cell for seismometers, developed in collaboration with Kinkei System. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

New study of Iceman reveals oldest known example of red blood cells

first_img Explore further Journal information: Journal of the Royal Society Interface The Iceman as he has come to be known, (also known as Ötzi) has been the object of intense scrutiny ever since being found embedded in an Alpine glacier back in 1991—he is believed to have died approximately 5,300 years ago. Attempts to find examples of actual red blood cells within his body have failed in the past, but in this new effort, the researchers used a new technique—a nano-sized probe they moved very slowly over parts of the mummified body that had been wounded, leading to open cuts. Because it moves, the probe allows for capturing 3D imagery—it revealed the clear doughnut shape of red blood cells. To confirm that the images they were seeing represented real red blood cells, the team shone a laser on the same material and read the wavelengths that were reflected back—that revealed that the molecular makeup of the material matched that of red blood cells—a finding that marks the oldest known preserved instance of a red blood cell.Scientists believe the Iceman was approximately 46 years old when he died—other research has led to the discovery that he suffered from a variety of illnesses and injuries and his skin was decorated with many tattoos, most of which are believed to have been applied as a means of alleviating joint pain, possibly due to arthritis or inflammation caused by Lyme Disease.Also, by using Raman spectroscopy, the researchers found traces of fibrin, a clotting agent the body makes immediately after an injury occurs, which suggests very strongly that the Iceman died shortly after he was wounded—it is generally absorbed shortly after an injury occurs as other agents take over. Because it was still present near the Iceman’s wound suggests he died shortly after it was inflicted, likely from a blow to the head. Citation: New study of Iceman reveals oldest known example of red blood cells (2015, May 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-05-iceman-reveals-oldest-red-blood.html © 2015 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.center_img New scientific analysis shines a light on Otzi the Iceman’s dark secrets (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with the European Academy of Bozen (EURAC) aka, the Institute for Mummies and the Iceman in Bolzano, Italy, has found examples of the oldest known samples of red blood cells. In their paper uploaded to the open access site, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, the team explains how they found the red blood cells and why they now believe the Iceman died very quickly. More information: Preservation of 5300 year old red blood cells in the Iceman, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2012.0174AbstractChanges in elasticity and structures of red blood cells (RBCs) are important indicators of disease, and this makes them interesting for medical studies. In forensics, blood analyses represent a crucial part of crime scene investigations. For these reasons, the recovery and analysis of blood cells from ancient tissues is of major interest. In this study, we show that RBCs were preserved in Iceman tissue samples for more than 5000 years. The morphological and molecular composition of the blood corpuscle is verified by atomic force microscope and Raman spectroscopy measurements. The cell size and shape approximated those of healthy, dried, recent RBCs. Raman spectra of the ancient corpuscle revealed bands that are characteristic of haemoglobin. Additional vibrational modes typical for other proteinaceous fragments, possibly fibrin, suggested the formation of a blood clot. The band intensities, however, were approximately an order of magnitude weaker than those of recent RBCs. This fact points to a decrease in the RBC-specific metalloprotein haemoglobin and, thus, to a degradation of the cells. Together, the results show the preservation of RBCs in the 5000 year old mummy tissue and give the first insights into their degradation. AFM images of red blood cells (RBCs). (a,b) Single RBCs from recent human tissue. (c) An assembly of RBCs. (d,e) Single corpuscles found in Iceman sample A and sample B are shown. An assembly of several randomly distributed corpuscles, similar to those found within the recent sample (c), are displayed in image (f). The imaged corpuscles (d–f) feature the characteristic discoid and concave surface of RBCs. Credit: Journal of the Royal Society Interface, DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2012.0174last_img read more

The funny and the ugly

first_imgWatch the most hilarious bar show ever come alive at Fio Cookhouse, with Humour Me’s very own Coyotes – Farhad Colabawala – the alcoholic whisky-daruwalla Parsi, mixing the perfect cocktail of getting one drunk and laughing and his larger, southern counterpart Shantanu Anam. Watch them at The Coyote Ugly at Fio Cookhouse! What comes to mind when you hear the words Coyote Ugly? The early 2000 romantic comedy with the lead actress singing and dancing to ‘Can’t Fight the Moonlight’ on top of a bar with a roaring audience? Or the famous Coyote Ugly Saloons – Jaw-dropping models with their perfected routines of dancing on the bar, singing, and challenging customers to drinking contests!  Add ugly to it and you won’t be dissappointed.When: 19 NovemberWhere:  Fio Cookhouse, Epicuria Show timing: 8 pm onwardslast_img read more

Darjeeling Kalimpong to benefit from Nijo Griho Nijo Bhumi Prokolpo

first_imgDarjeeling: Now, Darjeeling and Kalimpong will finally benefit from “Nijo Griho Nijo Bhumi Prokolpo” of the Bengal government. The scheme is being routed through the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration in the Hills. The “Nijo Griho Nijo Bhumi Prokolpo” was launched on October 18, 2011 by the Chief Minister of Bengal, whereby 5 decimal of land is provided to the homeless, landless beneficiaries.”This scheme along with the rest of Bengal was earlier available in the GTA area. Initially 25% of the applicants benefitted from the scheme. However, the scheme was stopped under the GTA. We have decided to reintroduce the scheme again through the GTA and have been given a go ahead by the State Government,” stated Binay Tamang, Chairman, GTA. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsIn a meeting on May 14, the GTA and state government officials decided to reintroduce this scheme in the Hills. A follow up meeting was held at the GTA Chairman’s office in Darjeeling on Friday attended by Land reform Officers, Block Officers and GTA officials.”Application made earlier will also be processed along with fresh ones. Earlier there was hardly any promotion of the scheme in the Hills, hardly anyone knew about the scheme. This time, we will be giving advertisements in newspapers and TV channels so that people come to know about the scheme and the deserving ones get the benefit,” added Tamang. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedApplicants can submit applications in Block Offices, Block Land and Land Reforms Office and Gram Panchayat offices as per their convenience.Committees have been constituted in each of the 8 blocks comprising Block Development Officer, Block Land and Land Reforms Officer and a member of the Board of Administrators, GTA.Applications for the Kalimpong 1, Kurseong, Mirik, Sukhiapokhari, Rungli Rungliot and Darjeeling – Poolbazar Block will be received from June 4 to June 9. For Kalimpong 2 block, it will be from June 11 to 16 and for Gorubathan block from June 18 to 23. The applications will be scrutinised by the committee formed in each block and then will be recommended by the Sub Divisional Land and Land Reforms Officer to the GTA. The GTA will then forward the list to the state following which land documents will be handed over by the state government.When questioned on the fate of tea garden workers, who have been demanding documents since long, Tamang stated: “Tea gardens are leased land of the State Government. The workers can apply. The concerned departments and the state government will then decide,” added Tamang.last_img read more

Motor Vehicles Act revision Drivers may soon heave sigh of relief

first_imgKolkata: The Centre has written to the state government regarding the changes that have been proposed in the Central Motor Vehicles Act, to save the drivers from harassment.If the Act is passed in the Lok Sabha, drivers will be allowed to have details of their driving licence, insurance papers, pollution certificate and smart card in their phones, which they can show to the police if asked for.Thousands of drivers throughout the country have lodged complaints about police harassment over the production of documents in case of any traffic violation. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeIn case of any offence, police personnel ask drivers to show their driving licence along with smart card, insurance papers and pollution certificate. Often, the traffic personnel on duty seize the driving licence, which the driver has to obtain from the traffic guard later at a stipulated date, on the production of a receipt.The trouble begins if the driver is caught for a second offence before the stipulated date. Also, it is never disclosed on what ground the driving licence has been seized. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe drivers also face harassment over the failure to produce insurance papers and smart cards. The drivers of commercial vehicles have complained that police personnel on duty often ask them to pay graft money, which goes up to one thousand rupees when they fail to produce documents. For quite some time, MPs have raised the issue in the Lok Sabha. Once the Act is passed in the Parliament, the harassment of the drivers will stop. Both drivers of private cars and drivers of commercial vehicles have welcomed the Centre’s move. When contacted, Rajiv Sahani, a driver who drives interstate commercial vehicles, said if the driving licence is seized, it becomes difficult to drive on the highways and the so drivers become ready to pay any amount to ensure that the police personnel do not seize the driving licence. Dr Subrata Ghosh, who drives in the city regularly, said the police personnel often stop random vehicles and ask the owners to show the documents. If all the documents are not in possession of the owner, the driving licence is seized and “it becomes a real problem to get it from the office of the traffic guard.”last_img read more

KMDA gears up to save Rabindra Sarobar islands from erosion

first_imgKolkata: The Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA) has taken all possible measures to prevent erosion of the four islands on Rabindra Sarobar lake in South Kolkata. There are four islands on the large waterbody, which were found to be shrinking due to the dual effect of no boundary surrounding the islands and the loss of tree cover.The islands are inaccessible for common public and the job of protecting the islands rest with KMDA, which is the custodian of the sprawling waterbody. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life”We have already piled saal logs along the edge of the islands and have dumped huge quantities of earth to rebuild the banks and prevent water from gnawing at them. Trees that are known to prevent soil erosion like Hijal, Pakur and Aswattha have been planted on the islands,” said a senior official of KMDA who looks after the maintenance of Rabindra Sarobar. Conserving the biodiversity of the lake has assumed prime importance in recent times, with the National Green Tribunal keeping a hawk eye on its upkeep. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedEfforts have also been made to present a colourful look to the islands and for that purpose, KMDA has planted Radhachura, Krishnachura, Palash, Kathalichapa and similar species of trees.In recent times, the number of migratory birds to the islands have dwindled with the loss of tree cover and lack of proper nesting place for the avians. Fruit bearing trees like guava, papaya and jamrul have been planted to attract the birds.”We have also thwarted the attempts of some urchins venturing into the islands swimming across the lake and stealing juvenile birds from their nests, by strengthening the security of the islands,” the official added.KMDA has taken the opinion of the Botanical Survey of India, while increasing the green cover of the four islands.It may be mentioned that among the four islands on the Lake, the only one accessible to the public houses a mosque.last_img read more

NDWBF 2016 A treat for children

first_imgChildren are like wet clay, who can be modeled the way they want to be and what better than books can be for this purpose which are the primary source of knowledge.A large number of book lovers are visiting the New Delhi World Book Fair 2016 which being held at Pragati Maidan. Thursday, being a working day did not deter the book enthusiasts to visit the Fair, who very keenly shopped and looked around for their favourite books at the stalls of regional language books, spiritual books, self help books, textbooks, fiction and non-fiction books. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The main attraction at the fair is Hall No. 14, which has drawn a huge crowd consisting of children, parents, teachers. It comprises of the stalls from various children’s books publishers from across the country and the other interesting feature is the children’s Pavilion. Put up by the National Book Trust, India, it attracts a number of book lovers. Several activities for and by children are being organised at the pavilion by the Trust in collaboration with various schools, NGOs and other organisations working in the field. The children get an opportunity to meet their favourite authors, illustrators, have reading and storytelling sessions with them, participate in the workshops on creative writing, illustrations etc. For the children’s writers, teachers, librarians, panel discussions, seminars are also being organised. The Children’s Film Society is screening the popular films for children at the pavilion every day like Anmol Tasveer, Aasman Se Gira, Ek Ajooba Hai.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe other special features of the Pavilion include the illustrator’s corner put up the Riyaz Academy to encourage young artists, a corner for children as well as teachers by IL&FS informing about the learning aids, a corner by Care India making people aware about the need to educate children especially girls; Reading Corner where the book lovers can read books and know about the National Centre for Children’s Literature Library which has a collection of books on children’s literature in Indian as well as in foreign languages. The galore of events organised at the children’s Pavilion on Thursday included a workshop on animation by Gioia Smid, Director, Fiep Amsterdam, Netherlands; a skit by children based on ‘Mangu Mali aur Ambia’ by noted children’s author Subhadra Sengupta and published by Pratham Books; a programme on girls’ literacy and reading habit titled ‘Beti Padhe Desh Badhe’; a panel discussion on literacy through literature and a discussion on connecting children to community libraries, among others.A panel discussion on the topic ‘Indian Epics as Reflected in Indian Regional Language and Literature’ was organised at the Theme Pavilion. The speakers, Sanjiv Kumar, Thanuja Bhattathiri and Dr Avanijesh Avasthi, discussed about the Indian epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana which have been interpreted by the authors in regional languages. A talk on the book Global Game Change, authored by John Nasbitt and Doris Nasbitt at China Pavilion was also held. The speakers, including the authors and Rudra Narayan Sharma of Sage Publications, discussed about the book and significant issues like economic and political conditions in China and India, role being played by the entrepreneurs in fulfilling social responsibilities and changing trends in the publishing industry.A number of books were released at the Fair including Bal Krishan Garg Ke Bal Geet, authored by Bal Krishan Garg, Miraculous Power of the Subconscious Mind authored by N K Sharma among others. The panel discussions on Hindi literature and Premchand – noted Hindi author and Poets’ Meet were some of the literary events that engaged the visitors.last_img read more

Indian handicraft reaches the land of Japan

first_imgExport Promotion Council for Handicrafts and Japan India Industry Promotion Association (JIIPA) organised participation of Indian Handicrafts Exporters in the 5th edition of India Trend Fair from July 24-26, 2019 at Belle Salle Shibuya Garden, Tokyo, Japan.The Chairman EPCH, Ravinder Kumar Passi is leading the delegation of 10 member exporters and five National Awardee Master Crafts persons during India Trend Fair 2019. EPCH Handicrafts exporters are showcasing wide range Handicrafts, Textiles and Home Furnishing, Hand Crocheted Embroidery, Fashion accessories, Jute products , and Incense sticks among many other things. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe five master craftspersons awarded by the President of India have been deputed by O/o DC Handicrafts to performing live demonstration of traditional Indian crafts like Pashmina Kani Shawl from Jammu & Kashmir, Silver Filigree from Telangana, Madhubani Painting from Delhi, etc, to create awareness about Indian crafts under the banner of EPCH. Sanjay Kumar Verma, Ambassador of India inaugurated the 5th edition of India Trend Fair 2019 in the presence of Ajit Chavan, Secretary, Textiles Committee, Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India; Nobuhiro Komada, President of Nissenken Quality Evaluation Center Japan; Yosuke Yanagase, Chairman JIIPA; Ravinder Kumar Passi, Chairman EPCH, The Chairman AEPC, The Executive Director Texprocil, The General Secretary, GEAR. Verma and the delegates visited the Indian exhibitors as well as Master Craft persons at the fair. The delegates appreciated the crafts of Master Craft persons and guided them about the current marketing scenario of Japan and requirement of the products. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveIndia Trend Fair is providing a comprehensive platform to Indian manufacturers to showcase their value added products to the most influential buyers and designers in Japan. Rakesh Kumar, DG, EPCH informed that during the fair, Japanese buyers are enthusiastic and showing keen interest to plan their visit to India and visit the IHGF Delhi Fair scheduled to be organised at India Expo Centre and Mart, Greater Noida from October 16-20, 2019. Such B2B interactions between both Indian and Japanese side will help in promotion of Indian crafts in Japan. The exports of Indian handicrafts have grown by 6.46% to 3803.55 million US Dollars in 2018-19. During this fair participation, the emphasis is being given on exploring new products and designs to increase exports to Japan and offer India as a preferable sourcing destination for Handicrafts, home décor, home textiles, and sustainable eco-friendly products from India.last_img read more

Secret Egyptian Palace of Ramesses II Discovered by Accident

first_imgAn excavation team from New York University have stumbled on an undiscovered palace. Located in the ruins of Ancient Egyptian city Abydos, it stands by the royal temple of famous pharaoh Ramesses II. NYU’s excavation is exploring the remnants of an extensive building program that helped characterize Ramesses’ rule (1279 – 1213 BC). Newsweek writes that Abydos is “home to a royal necropolis where pharaohs from the earliest dynasties — such as Qaa from the first dynasty and Peribsen from the second — are thought to have been entombed”.Last week the team — or “mission” — noticed a stone walkway at the temple’s entrance to the southwest. Following it led them to the secret palace, which contained attention-grabbing examples of “the cartouche — a hieroglyphic marking that denotes royalty” according to Newsweek.Temple of Seti I at Abydos, EgyptRare cartouches are seen at the temple’s four corners, with intriguing depictions. Ahram Online says that they show Ramesses “birth and throne names painted in a golden color. They are surmounted with double feathers with a sun disk in between and beneath them a decorative gold sign.”The palace is made of limestone and mud brick, with limestone floors. Mission director Sameh Iskander refers to a second hall, the base of which is a column of sandstone. Lintels can also be seen, bearing kingly inscriptions.Ramses IIRamesses II was part of the Nineteenth Dynasty and became one of the most well-known Egyptian rulers. He hailed from a relatively humble background — a 2017 BBC article drawing on the works of James Baikie (1866-1931) describes grandfather Ramesses I as “essentially a provincial bureaucrat who had had greatness thrust upon him.”Predecessor Seti I “saw military success as well as achieving one of the high points of Egyptian art, marked by sensitivity, balance and restraint.”Unfortunately for Seti I his son didn’t measure up when it came to war. He fought the Hittites in Syria at the Battle of Kadesh (approx. 1274 BC) and eventually signed a peace treaty with them. As for his artistic side, the verdict has been mixed.Seti I. Photo by Messuy CC BY-SA 3.0The BBC writes “Good art can be found in Ramesses’ reign,” but adds “it continued to flourish when not subjected to the dead weight of the king’s ego.” Also known as Ramesses the Great, he is believed to have been the subject of poet Percy Bysshe Shelley’s 1818 work Ozymandias, about a foolish king. Ramesses II was called Ozymandias in Greek.Related Video: Disturbing Instances Where Ancient Egyptian Curses Seemed To Come TrueThe pharaoh was a boastful self-publicist, a quality not unknown to those of his stature. His legacy endures, both architecture and what’s called a “multimedia afterlife: his mummy is flown from Cairo to Paris to be exhibited and re-autopsied, and a series of airport-lounge best-sellers by a French writer, Christian Jacq, gives a soap-opera version of his life.”Courtyard of Ramses II Temple at Luxor. Photo by Jorge Láscar CC BY 2.0He even got the Hollywood treatment when screen heartthrob Yul Brynner portrayed him in epic The Ten Commandments (1956). Anne Baxter played one of his wives, Queen Nefertari. Another wife was Isinofre who gave birth to Khaemwise, a studious individual believed to be “the first Egyptologist in history.”Queen NefertariKhaemwise would no doubt have been interested in NYU’s efforts, which have opened up the conversation on the design of Egyptian temples. Ahram Online mentions the similarity between Ramesses II’s palace and that of his dad, saying “The location and layout of the palace exhibits a noteworthy parallel to the temple palace of Ramses II’s father Seti I in Abydos some 300 metres to the south.”Read another story from us: 2,000-year-old Fast Food bar discovered in PompeiiNewsweek quotes Prof. Joann Fletcher of the University of York. She observed, “The fact Ramses II required a palace at Abydos also reveals that he didn’t just order a new temple at the site but was spending enough time there to warrant such accommodation…To have a building in which people lived their lives is always a fascinating thing to find.”last_img read more